Criminal justice is a vast field and covers various topics such as criminal detection, investigation, prosecution, adjudication, detention, correctional supervision and rehabilitation. For students pursuing criminal justice, there may be a myriad of topics for them to focus on like law enforcement, forensics, crime scene investigation, prosecution, private security and many others. When pursuing a career in criminal justice, there are many degrees, diplomas and certificates to consider. Anything from an associate to bachelor to even a doctorate degree is available. Some of the jobs that are related to criminal justice are prosecutor, defender, police investigator, judge, prison guard, administrator, security guard, probation officer and more. Students specializing in criminology, psychology, sociology, law, political science and social work have an edge over the others and find it easier to get employed.
Crime Scene Investigation
Careers in crime scene investigation are difficult and demanding careers. There are various, degree, diploma and certificate programs that help prepare students for these types of careers. These programs provide a concrete foundation in the areas of American criminal justice and law enforcement. Crime scene investigation teaches students about crime scene safety and how to look for, gather, preserve and present evidence in crime scenes. Advanced technology plays a big role in all areas of crime investigation and if you are a student pursuing such a program, you will be trained in the most up-to-date technological advancements. For entry-level jobs, students will receive a certificate in crime scene investigation, whereas a bachelor degree in crime scene investigation or criminal justice will prepare students for the next level of jobs in the field of crime detection. Students are also offered internships, which provide them with the essential practical knowledge.
For those interested in the field of criminal investigation, forensics might be an interesting career option to pursue. Students of forensics deal with digital technology and their uses in investigating crime scenes. The main subjects of focus here chemistry, biology, biochemistry and genetics. These subjects form the essence of forensics. Forensics also has an accounting program that teaches students to prevent, investigate and finally detect any online fraud. Cyber crime trains students in the area of criminology, data recovery, intrusion detection, encryption and network security. Toxicology, serology and the study of forensic DNA are also interesting branches of forensics.
For those who are interested in working with criminal offenders, there are various degrees and certificate programs. These programs help provide students with the necessary skills and abilities that it takes to excel in the field. The duties involved in this profession are diverse and can be anything from dealing with violent convicts to working with juvenile delinquents. Students also learn all about working in courts. Rehabilitation of criminals forms a major part of the lessons. Students are also educated in the fields of probation, parole and in monitoring the activities of criminal offenders. How prisons and jails function form a major part of the syllabus.
For those interested in specializing in court reporting, be prepared to record and transcribe the courtroom proceedings during a trial. A court reporting degree or certificate will enable students to work as court reporter or a freelance reporter. Learning the terminology, transcription techniques, shorthand and recording techniques form a major part of court reporting. The syllabus includes learning the rules and regulations concerning the profession.