The discrimination in employment has been an issue that has hit many Americans. The civil rights act, coined during 1964 helped the African Americans gain their rights and this included the title VII which is really famous and prohibits any employer from discriminating any person on the grounds of religion, sex, or origin. Since then, many discrimination cases have come into the constitution that have changed all the laws related to employment, and they have changed the way the supreme court sees any case of employment discrimination. Here are some of the cases that were taken up by Supreme Court, and that have been responsible for today’s laws shaping up.
The first case of employment discrimination was for the Griggs V Duke Power Company, which took place during the year 1971, and was the first step to victory for the African Americans. The court dismissed the case saying that it is atrocious to expect a certain level of educational qualification that should be met, even though they had nothing to do with the job that was going to be provided. These tests till then were mainly focused to reject the African Americans who came for employment.
The next discrimination case was a victory for teachers who were pregnant, in the year 1974 – Cleveland Board of Education. At that point of time, the schools were very strict when it came to giving maternity leave for the teachers who were pregnant. The school followed the policy of giving a five month long maternity leave, during which period, the teachers would go unpaid, and they were not allowed to come back to school till their kids turned at least three months old, and they were not taken in the mid of the semester, they had to wait till the next semester to start before they can get back to work. The chesterfield county school was even worse, which did not let the teacher comeback if that academic year started off. The court dismissed such practices, and this rule let the teachers work just as they used to. And, all the school boards were put to shame by the court for this unfair practice.
Most of the cases registered have a sexual nature. In the year 1986, Meritor Savings Bank was scrutinized, due to the hostile environment that was inflicted on several workers there, and it was in the form of sexual harassment. The title VII covered any such acts of sexual harassment on the workers, and this was helpful in putting to shame several places like Oncale v. Sundowner Offshore Serv., Inc. in the year 1987, and Faragher v. City of Boca Raton in the year 1988.